Rights to Jerusalem Mosque enshrined in the Holy Quran
Subhanallaji asra biabdihi laylamminaal masjidil haram ilaal masjidil aqsallaji barakna haolah
“Glory to He (God) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless”.
— [Qur’an 17:1]
The Sura Isra opens with the ayat which deals with Prophet (PBUH)’s journey towards Allah subhanuwataala. Muhammad (PBUH) that night started his journey on a steed Buraq in a single night in the year 620AD from masjidil haram and reached masjidil Aqsa. And from then he flied upwards to the seventh sky.
Jerusalem in Islam is considered a sacred city, and has played a significant role in the
faith. The al-Aqsa mosque of Jerusalem is considered the third holiest site in Islam, after the mosques of al-Haram and al-Nabawi. It is strongly associated with people regarded as Prophets of Islam – in particular, David, Solomon, and Jesus. For long 16/17 months it was the first qibla (direction of prayer) in Islam, before the Kaaba in Mecca; Muhammad by Buraq visited Jerusalem, where he prayed, and then heaven.
The Qur’anic verse (17:1) is interpreted by all widely used tafsirs (commentaries) as referring to this journey, with the term “the farthest Mosque” (al-masjid al-Aqsa) referring to the Noble Sanctuary in Jerusalem, where the mosque stands.
Some scholars claim it is holy after the cities of Mecca and Medina, some assert it is a city that contains a holy site, and some conclude it has little or no actual sanctity. In the light of Holy Quran Muslims have the valid rights to say prayers in Al-Aqsa mosque.