Contribution, career, money make leader – Wahidul Islam and Ifrith Islam
Politics is very easy most probably in a democracy. Just join a political party anywhere in the world. Do social work to win the confidence of the people of your locality. Gain the following of your political party’s hierarchy and garner support in the grassroots. That’s all. But if your family has a political background, your career is bright having large base of connectivity, you may have extra favour in politics. You may end up being a minister in this process of political activism and if there is democracy you may become prime minister like Indian tea vendor Narendra Modi. But to do a work from beginning to the end is always hard.
Very few leaders in the world propounded theories themselves, conducted activism at the same time and became successful as a political leader in running the state established by him or her. In most cases a political theory or philosophy is given by a thinker, socio-political platforms are floated and activists pick up the theory and propagate them accordingly. Once targeted people find the theory preached and the people engaged in popularizing it are attractive and capable to deliver they support them politically, mentally and even financially. But before that the leader of an organization has do daunting amount of task, spend a lot of money on organizing the people and manage other sorts of activism which involve lots of money and energy. Thus a government is formed either through voting in a democracy or through revolution in absence voting system because of contribution, connectivity and economic capability presented by the leader or a set of leaders.
To make a state is a mammoth task involving a plethora of problems and possibilities. Leadership comes at the cost of contribution to any entity, be it a community, family or state. The toughest task of theorizing to establishing a state was done by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He was creative in his activities. Muhammad (PBUH) before the revelation of the Quran was a great arbitrator and organizer too. He shoot the trouble of the Arab communities regarding the placement of Hajr-e-Aswad or black stone. Muhammad came to arbitrate between conflicting Arabs. He worked when Kaaba was being repaired in his boyhood. During his time of leadership he had a good connectivity with the leaders of other communities. The relations were very vibrant, functioning and working. In fact opponent leaders like Abu Jehel, Abu Lahab were his uncles. His political funding was done by the business of Khadiza, business tycoon Usman ibne Affan and others. He motivated Khadiza first among the women, Ali first among the boys, Abu Bakr first among the friends and whoever was converted by default turned into a preacher or activist. In this way the figure of total converts or activists rose to one lakh to one lakh 20 thousand within 23 years of his life. Almost the whole team joined him the hajj which he performed at the fag end of his life. That Michael H Hart topped him in his list of the hundred great men in his book ‘The Hundreds’. According to Hart, his skills as an entrepreneur have brought huge profit for him and his investors. None of the types of business he dealt got the loss. No one has ever come closer to Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) in having distinctiveness and is considered to be the greatest reformist and leader.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Chhatra League is such an organization that gave birth to its parent organization, Awami League, in 1949. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was not only the founding father of the people’s republic of Bangladesh but Chhatra League which played a pivotal role in pre-and-post independent Bangladesh. He is considered to be the driving force behind the struggle of independence for Bangladesh. Sheikh Mujib became the first Bengali to rule Bengalis. He was ranked one of the greatest orators in the world. Historic March 7 Speech, which Unesco had recognised as part of the world’s documentary heritage, is a signature feature of his oratory—an essential quality a leader needs.
Chaim Weizmann was a biochemist who developed the acetone–butanol–ethanol fermentation process, which produces acetone through bacterial fermentation. His acetone production method was of great importance in the manufacture of cordite explosive propellants for the British war industry during World War I. He founded the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel and was instrumental in the establishment of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He contributed greatly to the allied powers including Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States. These countries fought against the Central Powers which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria and won the war. In return the allied powers offered to reward Weizmann personally but he refused. He wanted a Jewish state in place of personal gain and thus was approved. Israel was created with the earliest Stanford University PhD degree holder Weizmann as the president.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Money matters many things. For an organizer it is even more important. At the age of 20, Jinnah began his practice in Bombay, the only Muslim barrister in the city. English had become his principal language and would remain so throughout his life. His first three years in the law, from 1897 to 1900, brought him few briefs. His first step towards a brighter career occurred when the acting Advocate General of Bombay, John Molesworth MacPherson, invited Jinnah to work from his chambers. In 1900, PH Dastoor, a Bombay presidency magistrate, left the post temporarily and Jinnah succeeded in getting the interim position. After his six-month appointment period, Jinnah was offered a permanent position on a 1,500 rupee per month salary. Jinnah politely declined the offer, stating that he planned to earn 1,500 rupees a day—a huge sum at that time—which he eventually did. He used to earn this huge amount of money and spend for organisation Muslim League. He championed his party’s case and Pakistan got independence and he took charge of the newly-independent country. His salary was one rupee. Another barrister from his country Zulfikar Ali Bhutto established Pakistan People’s Party on 30th November 1967 and won the elections of 1970 in Western part of Pakistan. Before floating his party Bhutto was trained as a barrister and served President Ayub Khan as his foreign minister.
When it comes to the extremely challenging job of running a nation, a university education can help in setting up a leader for success. The vast majority of heads of government have some sort of post-secondary education but their areas of study vary greatly. It little matters what they studied in school or university but study at university is mirror of many things of life.
Some leaders, like Alain Berset of Switzerland, specifically studied political science or law in university. Other leaders, such as Paraguayan president, Horacio Cartes, took a more roundabout path to the top, having studied aviation mechanics in the United States.
After high school education in Istanbul High School, Necmatin Erbakan graduated from the Mechanical Engineering Faculty at the Istanbul Technical University in 1948, and received a PhD degree in mechanical/engine engineering from the RWTH Aachen University. After returning to Turkey, Erbakan became lecturer at the ?TÜ and was appointed professor in 1965 at the same university. After working some time in leading positions in the industry, he switched over to politics, and was elected deputy of Konya in 1969. He greatly contributed to the ailing automobile industry of Turkey.
Canada’s prime minister holds two degrees: a Bachelor of Arts in Literature from McGill University, and a Bachelor of Education from the University of British Columbia. His father Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister of Canada. He was born when his father was serving as prime minister of Canada.
Germany’s chancellor has a heavy-hitting educational background. Merkel was educated at Karl Marx University, in Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978. She was awarded a doctorate for her thesis on quantum chemistry in 1986, and was recognized for her proficiency in Russian and mathematics.
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie:
Former Indonesian President Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie went to Delft, the Netherlands, to study aviation and aerospace at the Technische Hogeschool Delft (Delft University of Technology), but for political reasons he had to continue his study at the Technische Hochschule Aachen (RWTH Aachen University) in Aachen, Germany. In 1960, Habibie received an engineer’s degree in Germany with the title Diploma-Ingenieur. He remained in Germany as a research assistant under Hans Ebner at the Lehrstuhl und Institut für Leichtbau, RWTH Aachen to conduct research for his doctoral degree. In 1965, Habibie delivered his thesis in aerospace engineering and received the grade of “very good” for his dissertation, giving him the title Doktoringenieur (Dr.-Ing.). During the same year, he accepted Hans Ebner’s offer to continue his research on Thermoelastisitas and work toward his Habilitation, but he declined the offer to join RWTH as a professor per se. His thesis about light construction for supersonic or hypersonic states also attracted offers of employment from companies such as Boeing and Airbus, which Habibie again declined. Habibie did accept a position with Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm in Hamburg. There, he developed theories on thermodynamics, construction, and aerodynamics known as the Habibie Factor, Habibie Theorem, and Habibie Method, respectively. He worked for Messerschmitt on the development of the Airbus A-300B aircraft. In 1974, he was promoted to vice president of the company.
That weren’t the things for which he was made president of Indonesia. It was rather for his contribution for making aero plane for his country. The legend is like this. Habibie was sent abroad to buy aircraft for Indonesia. He visited many aircraft industries but came back without buying any. He offered Indonesia to make local aircraft. In developing Indonesia’s aviation industry, he adopted an approach called “Begin at the End and End at the Beginning”. In this method, elements such as basic research became the last things upon which to focus, whilst actual manufacturing of the planes was placed as the first objective. Under Habibie’s leadership, IPTN became a manufacturer of aircraft including Puma helicopters and CASA planes. It pioneered a small passenger airplane, the N-250 Gatokaca, in 1995.
The French president studied philosophy at the University of Paris-Ouest Nanterre La Défense. As well, Macron obtained a master’s degree in public affairs at the Paris Institute of Political Studies.
Sweden’s prime minister took a more unconventional path to government. After completing military service in the Swedish Air Force, Löfven became a welder and subsequently a union representative. Eventually, Löfven became the first chairman of IF Metall, a newly formed trade union representing over 300,000 workers.
Before joining the KGB in 1975, Putin studied Law at the Leningrad State University (now Saint Petersburg State University).
Xi studied chemical engineering at Beijing’s prestigious Tsinghua University. During this time, China was fully immersed in the Cultural Revolution. Xi studied as a “Worker-Peasant-Soldier student”, which included blocks of time spent doing farm work and studying Marxism–Leninism–Mao Zedong thought. Xi Zhongxun was Xi Jinping’s father who held a series of posts, including propaganda chief, vice-premier, and vice-chairman of the National People’s Congress.
Tanzania’s president has an extensive educational background, earning masters and doctorate degrees in chemistry from The University of Dar es Salaam.
The Kenyan president studied economics, political science, and government at Amherst College in Massachusetts.
Brazil’s president attended the Law School of the University of São Paulo, and later completed a doctorate in public law at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.
Before becoming an analyst at SIDECO Americana, Argentina’s president received a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina. He also attended Columbia Business School, the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and the Universidad del CEMA in Buenos Aires.
Australia’s prime minister graduated from the University of Sydney with a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Laws, before earning a Bachelor of Civil Law at Brasenose College, Oxford.
Royal Court Orientation
Prophet Musa (PBUH):
Prophet Musa (PBUH) was trained up in the royal palace of Pharaoh of Egypt apparently to be a ruler of the future. He saw how Pharaoh regime ruling different clans with divide and rule policy. He also witnessed Israelites were depopulated not through birth control but direct killing of newborns. In his adulthood he incidentally killed an Egyptian who was beating an Israelite. Moses (PBUH), in order to escape the Pharaoh’s death penalty, fled to Midian (a desert country south of Judah), where he married one of the daughters of prophet Shoaib (PBUH) who had a just state. He stayed there for eight years and thus trained up by a prophetic ruler to be a ruler. He witnessed the difference between a repressive regime and a prophetic ruler.
Prophet Yusuf (PBUH):
Before Musa (PBUH) Egyptians were unable to create their own just leader that’s why Prophet Yusuf (PBUH) who was trained up by his just ruler Prophet Yakub of Cannan. But for a greater exposure to big state Yusuf incidentally was taken to Egypt where young Yusuf worked in the royal palace. He was trained apparently to be a ruler of the future by Aziz-e-Misr or prime minister or defence minister.
Slaves turn into statesmen if oriented in royal palaces as is the case with Mamluk dynasty was a dynasty established in Northern India by Qutbud-Din Aibak. He was a Turkic slave of Muhammad of Ghor. The Mamluk Dynasty ruled North India from 1206 to 1290.
Sports and Entertainment Industry
Apart from royal palaces, political parties, entertainment, and sports industries are supplying countries with leaders, such as- Liberian President George Weah who was a footballer, Maldivian President Muhammad Waheed Hasan who was a news presenter, Ukrainian President Volodiymyr Zeleniskiy who is a popular comedian, actor and screenwriter. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was established 25th April 1996 by Pakistani cricketer-turned politician Imran Khan. In between his cricketing and political activism he championed the cause of cancer patients by establishing Shawkat Khanom Memorial Cancer Hospital. On top of all American president Donald Trump was also a television personality.
There are some general inevitable characteristics such as confidence, honesty, communication skills, empathy, and optimism, encouraging, intuition, acting as a role model and so on that an individual must possess to be able to become a successful pioneer or leader. Many people say many qualities are required to have a range of qualities but the Holy Quran obligates two conditions— believe in Allah and do all types of good works. Allah says in Surah Noor, Verse 55: Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that – then those are the defiantly disobedient.