Valkyrie is a 2008 American history film set in Germany during World War II. The film depicts the 20 July plot in 1944 by German army officers to assassinate Adolf Hitler and to use the Operation Valkyrie national emergency plan to take control of the country. The movie starred Tom Cruise as Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, one of the plotters. It also starred Kenneth Branagh, Bill Nighy, Eddie Izzard, Terence Stamp and Tom Wilkinson.
Plot Summary: During World War II, Wehrmacht Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg (Cruise) lost a hand and an eye during an RAF air raid in Tunisia. After recruiting Stauffenberg into the German Resistance, Olbricht (Bill Nighy) presents Stauffenberg at a meeting of the secret committee which has coordinated previous attempts on Hitler’s life. The members include General Ludwig Beck (Stamp), Dr. Carl Goerdeler (McNally), and Erwin von Witzleben (Schofield). Stauffenberg is stunned to learn that no plans exist on the subject of what is to be done after Hitler’s assassination.
During a bombing raid on Berlin, he gets the idea of using Operation Valkyrie, which involves the deployment of the Reserve Army to maintain order in the event of a national emergency. The plotters carefully redraft the plan’s orders so that they can dismantle the Nazi regime after assassinating Hitler. Hitler praises Stauffenberg’s heroism in North Africa and signs the orders without fully examining the modifications, believing Stauffenberg’s changes “are for the best”. At Goerdeler’s insistence, Stauffenberg is ordered to assassinate both Hitler and SS head Himmler at the Führer’s command bunker, the Wolf’s Lair.
On July 20, 1944, Stauffenberg and his adjutant Lieutenant Haeften (Parker) go to Wolf’s Lair. To Stauffenberg’s dismay, he discovers only after the timer has been activated that the conference is being held in an open-window summer barrack, whereas the plotters had intended to detonate the bomb within the walls of the bunker for maximum damage. While his adjuntant waits with the car, Stauffenberg places the briefcase with the bomb armed at the meeting as close to Hitler as possible. The bomb goes off and Stauffenberg safely returns.
As Stauffenberg begins to take control of Berlin’s government ministries, mid-level officers relaying the orders begin to wonder which side they should be fighting for. Rumors reach Berlin that Hitler survived the blast, but Stauffenberg dismisses them as SS propaganda. Meanwhile, Fromm learns from Field Marshal Keitel that Hitler is still alive. The General refuses to join the plotters, resulting in them detaining him.
Major Otto Ernst Remer of the Reserve Army prepares to arrest Goebbels. Army has been duped—rather than containing a coup, they have unwittingly supported it. SS officers are released and the plotters in turn are besieged inside the Bendlerblock. The plotters were shot just after their arrest.
Colonel Stauffenberg’s last act is to cry “Long lives sacred Germany!”
I, Robot is a 2004 science-fiction action film directed by Alex Proyas. Will Smith stars in the lead role of the film as Detective Del Spooner. The supporting cast includes Bridget Moynahan, Bruce Greenwood, James Cromwell, Chi McBride, Alan Tudyk, and Shia LaBeouf. It was nominated for the 2004 Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, but lost to Spider-Man 2.
Plot Summary : In 2035, anthropomorphic robots enjoy widespread use as servants for various public services. They are programmed with the Three Laws of Robotics directives that never allow them to hurt any human. Del Spooner (Will Smith) is a Chicago police detective who hates robots.
Dr. Alfred Lanning (James Cromwell), the co-founder of U.S. Robotics (USR) and its main roboticist, dies after falling several stories from his office window. His death is called a suicide, but Spooner, who knew Lanning as a friend believes otherwise. Spooner finds a prototype of the latest USR model, the NS-5, which suddenly flees and refuses to respond to Spooner’s orders to stop. Spooner and Calvin, a robopsychologist chase the rogue machine to an assembly factory and the police capture it. The robot refuses to respond but insist they call it “Sonny”.
Spooner is debriefed and recommends he drop the case but Spooner continues to investigate, his life is threatened by several USR robots — one attack only being thwarted thanks to Spooner’s artificial arm — but these are all dismissed as equipment malfunctions.
Spooner learns that Sonny has been designed with the ability to override the Three Laws and ignore orders. Spooner regroups with Calvin and they sneak into the USR building with the help of Sonny. As they work their way in, they come to the conclusion that the NS-5s destroyed the older robots as they would attempt to protect the humans.
They confront V.I.K.I. who had determined that humans were too self-destructive, and created a Zeroth Law, that robots are to protect humanity even if the First or Second Laws are disobeyed, even if it meant killing some of the people, as part of the NS-5 directives.
Spooner and Calvin realize they cannot reason with V.I.K.I. With help of Sonny they fight the NS-5s and Spooner is able to grab the nanites and inject them into V.I.K.I. Within seconds, V.I.K.I. is wiped out, and the NS-5’s revert to their natural servitude programming. The government orders the NS-5s decommissioned to the site in Lake Michigan, while Spooner clears Sonny of Lanning’s murder, arguing that ‘murder’ is defined as one human killing another and Sonny is therefore innocent. That makes Spooner and Sonny friends.
In the last scene, Sonny appears as a savior to the NS-5s at the Lake Michigan where all the decommissioned NS-5s would go.